[citation needed] As a result of that, the governments were inclined to see the remilitarization as a fait accompli. The usual cereal crops were, however, all grown with success, and tobacco, hops, flax, hemp and beetroot (for sugar) were cultivated for commercial purposes. The Kingdom of the Rhine is a German Army based reenactment unit during the Second world war to reenact the war perspective from German eyes. [2], The great mineral wealth of the Rhine Province furnished its most substantial claim to the title of the "richest jewel in the crown of Prussia". On June 12th, 2018 (6:32am AUS) The Kingdom Of The Rhine was informed of an occupying force called the Oasis Union under Apex Nation. Kingdom of Belgium and the Kingdom of the Netherlands Decision of 24 May 2005 _____ Sentence arbitrale relative au chemin de fer dit Iron Rhine (“Ijzeren Rijn”) entre le Royaume de Belgique et le Royaume des Pays-Bas Décision du 24 mai 2005 . The Kingdom of Westphalia was a kingdom in Germany, with a population of 2.6 million, that existed from 1807 to 1813. In the treaty of Ribemont 880, the East Frankish King Louis III could win also the western part of Lotharingia. Large numbers of Westphalian troops fought in the Russian campaign of 1812; the Westphalian Guards heroically but unsuccessfully charged the Raevski Redoubt during the Battle of Borodino. Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 the occupation was continued and the Inter-Allied Rhineland High Commission was set up to supervise affairs. On March 7, 1945, a company of armoured infantry of the U.S. 9th Armored Division captured the last intact bridge over the Rhine at Remagen. Kingdom of the Rhine Video. Following the French example, Jewish congregations were reorganised and a Consistory (Royal Westphalian Consistory of the Israelites [he]) supervising them was established. 81 épisodes | 4 épisodes gratuits. Napoleon imposed the first written modern constitution in Germany, a French-style central administration, and agricultural reform. 3 #8 - Le voleur. In 1920, the Saar was separated from the Rhine Province and administered by the League of Nations until a plebiscite in 1935, when the region was returned to Germany. The Rhine Province (German: Rheinprovinz), also known as Rhenish Prussia (Rheinpreußen) or synonymous with the Rhineland (Rheinland), was the westernmost province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia, within the German Reich, from 1822 to 1946. Kingdom of the Rhine: Amazon.es: Nancy Benvenga: Libros en idiomas extranjeros. Grab your Kar98k and get into battle. 0:30. Prime Cart. Of this phenomenon the Rhine is a classic example. After the failure of that operation for five months, from September 1944 until February 1945, the First United States Army fought a costly battle to capture the Hürtgen Forest. The Kingdom was bankrupt by 1812. Following the Armistice of 1918, Allied forces occupied the Rhineland as far east as the river with some small bridgeheads on the east bank at places like Cologne. The Treaty of Pressburg, in effect, led to the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine, which lasted from 1806 to 1813. Due to the Gear Expansion, witches who had been friends with the people become unnecessary. Hesse's capital Cassel (modern spelling Kassel) then fulfilled the same function for Westphalia, and the king kept the court at the palace of Wilhelmshöhe, renamed Napoleonshöhe. Above is Napoleon's star. The Kingdom of Mitterein: New York Times Democracy “Glory to the King.” 2. The French, however, did not try to stop them because they were currently holding elections and the president did not want to start a war with Germany. The first quarter shows the silver horse of Westphalia; the second the lion of Hesse over the counties of Dietz, Nidda, Ziegenhain and Katzenelnbogen; the third was newly designed for non-specified territories around Magdeburg; and the fourth combined Brunswick, Diepholz, Lüneburg and Lauterburg. Land~ The Rhine (Middle island) & Frankfurt (Southern Island) Colonies~ Lansky Island (At War With the occupying forces of the Oasis Union) Share this: Twitter; … Could this be the end of the kingdom? Around the shield are the Order of the Crown of Westphalia and the French Grand Aigle of the Légion d'honneur. He opened a house of prayer in Cassel, with a ritual similar to that introduced in Seesen. Kingdom of the Rhine is a group on Roblox owned by WolfFromTheWest with 1174 members. Most of the reforms, however, remained in place.[1]. (Either they decide to become a colony under Aurea or The Rhinelands forces will invade). Kingdom of the Rhine The Confederation of the Rhine was a confederation of German client states at the behest of the First French Empire. Westphalia seemed to be progressive in immediately enacting and enforcing the new reforms. In 1808 the Kingdom passed Germany's first laws granting Jews equal rights, thereby providing a model for reform in the other German states. In 881, the Normans raided the Frankish kingdom … The cantons of Eupen, Malmedy and Sankt Vith though (with the exception of Malmedy) German in culture and language, became the East Cantons of Belgium. Looking at his Motherland after so long, … These departments were generally composed of territories taken from a number of petty states. [2], Commerce was greatly aided by the navigable rivers, a very extensive network of railways, and the excellent roads constructed during the French régime. The first operation of the campaign was the Allied Operation Market Garden that sought to allow the Second British Army to advance past the northern flank of the Siegfried Line and enter the Ruhr industrial area. Humans, who were afraid of unscientific power, begin a witch hunt… And a human boy who has his beloved witch killed becomes the “Wizard of vengeance”. The members of the confederation were … He then expanded his small nation into the South Island. General George Patton's Third US Army also made a crossing of the river the day before the much anticipated Rhine crossings by the 21st Army Group (First Canadian Army and the British Second Army) under Field Marshal Montgomery in the third week of March 1945. The province contains a greater number of large towns than any other province in Prussia. From their winter positions in The Netherlands, the First Canadian Army under General Henry Crerar reinforced by elements of the British Second Army under General Miles Dempsey, drove through the Rhineland beginning in the first week of February 1945. [2] In 1822 Prussia established the Rhine Province by joining the provinces of Lower Rhine and Jülich-Cleves-Berg. Nation WA Category Motto; 1. It was one of the driving forces behind the unification of Germany in 1897 and was the leading state of the German Empire until its dissolution in 1918. This is the last usage of this map, as I am going to be drawing most of Europe for the pending conflict. Typical of Napoleonic heraldry are the crossed sceptres. ~Formed June 3rd, 2018~ Capital~ Frankfurt. The remilitarization of the Rhineland was favoured by some of the local population, because of a resurgence of German nationalism and harboured bitterness over the Allied occupation of the Rhineland until 1930 (Saarland until 1935). Iron ore was found in abundance near Koblenz, the Bleiberg in the Eifel possessed an apparently inexhaustible supply of lead, and zinc was found near Cologne and Aachen. AWARD IN THE ARBITRATION REGARDING THE IRON RHINE (“IJZEREN RIJN”) RAILWAY BETWEEN THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM AND THE KINGDOM OF … ), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kingdom_of_Westphalia&oldid=997669516, Former states and territories of Saxony-Anhalt, Former states and territories of Lower Saxony, Former states and territories of North Rhine-Westphalia, States and territories established in 1807, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from November 2011, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 17:47. Browse more videos. The mineral products of the district also included lignite, copper, manganese, vitriol, lime, gypsum, volcanic stones (used for millstones) and slates. In the 1815 Congress of Vienna,[4] Prussia gained control of the duchies of Cleves, Berg, Gelderland and Jülich, the ecclesiastical principalities of Trier and Cologne, the free cities of Aachen and Cologne, and nearly one hundred small lordships and abbeys which would all be amalgamated into the new Prussian Rhine Province. The largest iron and steel works were at Essen, Oberhausen, Duisburg, Düsseldorf and Cologne, while cutlery and other small metallic wares were extensively made at Solingen, Remscheid and Aachen. Amazon.in - Buy Kingdom of the Rhine book online at best prices in india on Amazon.in. Todos los departamentos . Sections of the Rhineland, that had once belonged to the Habsburg Netherlands' Duchy of Limburg, were annexed by Belgium according to the Treaty of Versailles. In the end, the separatists failed to gain any decisive support among the population. Being a frontier province, the Rhineland was strongly garrisoned, and the Rhine was guarded by the three strong fortresses of Cologne with Deutz, Koblenz with Ehrenbreitstein, and Wesel. The treaty specified three occupation zones, which were due to be evacuated by Allied troops five, ten and finally 15 years after the formal ratification of the treaty, which took place in 1920, thus the occupation was intended to last until 1935. Rhine Kingdom is ranked 23,953 rd in the world and 6 th in IBXToyChat for Most Beautiful Environments, with 931.02 Pounds Of Wildlife Per Square Mile. France could not act due to political instability at the time, and, since the remilitarization occurred at a weekend, the British government could not find out or discuss actions to be taken until the following Monday. Hesse's capital Cassel (modern spelling Kassel) then fulfilled the same function for Westphalia, and the king kept the court at the palace of Wilhelmshöhe, renamed Napoleonshöhe. The fragmented territory stretched from the left bank of the … The constitution made all male residents citizens with equal rights. Kingdom of the Rhine Video. Kingdom of the Rhine is a group on Roblox owned by WolfFromTheWest with 1172 members. He made the East block of it The Rhines new capital (Frankfurt). Report. Leader~ Archduke, Samuele Lux Vaughn-Mangano. The desire to break from the past, and not just from the random territorial divisions of the former manorial justices, especially influenced the cantonal distribution. Koblenz was the official capital, though Cologne was the largest and most important city. Kingdom of the Rhine [Benvenga, Nancy] on Amazon.com.au. In the hilly districts more than half the surface was sometimes occupied by forests, and large plantations of oak are formed for the use of the bark in tanning. Books . Operation Veritable lasted several weeks, with the end result of clearing all German forces from the west side of the Rhine river. 4 years ago | 0 view. [2], Though the Rhineland was par excellence the country of the vine, beer was produced in quantities, distilleries were also numerous, and large quantities of sparkling Mosel wine were made at Koblenz, chiefly for exportation to Britain. Épisodes. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. [2], Of the numerous mineral springs, the best known were those of Aachen and Kreuznach. Napoléon's inglorious décret infâme, again restricting the rights of many French Jews, did not apply in Westphalia. Its capital was Koblenz; it had 8.0 million inhabitants by 1939. The wooded hills were well stocked with deer, and a stray wolf occasionally found its way from the forests of the Ardennes into those of the Hunsrück. The Rhine Province, also known as Rhenish Prussia or synonymous with the Rhineland, was the westernmost province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia, within the German Reich, from 1822 to 1946. Winston Churchill, however, advocated military action through cooperation by the British and French. Top 5% Top 10% Top 5% Top 10%. Kingdom of the Rhine. Adolf Hitler took a risk when he sent his troops to the Rhineland. For the region in general, see, "The Congress of Vienna | Boundless World History", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhine_Province&oldid=980002456, States and territories established in 1822, States and territories disestablished in 1946, Former states and territories of North Rhine-Westphalia, Former states and territories of Rhineland-Palatinate, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 September 2020, at 01:29. 3 #9 - Sabrina. The Rhine and the Danube formed most of the northern inland frontier of the Roman Empire and, since those days, the Rhine has been a vital navigable waterway carrying trade and goods deep inland. The state was a member of the Confeder… Rhine Kingdom is noted for not entering any conflict with outside forces since independence The military is eschewed from the budget and the nation entirely, devoting resources to discovering new things. The occupation was done with very little military force, the troops entering on tractors, and no effort was made to stop it (see Appeasement of Hitler), even though the French had an overwhelming force nearby. The organisers used French terms to designate the regional territories within the kingdom: departments received names based on watercourses (Elbe, Saale, Weser, Fulda, Leine, Oker) and mountains (Harz), regardless of their traditional names. By October 1 they had conquered the whole Kingdom, but three days later Jérôme returned with French soldiers and managed to recapture Cassel. Kingdom of The Rhine (About us) 9 Jun 2018 11 Jun 2018 ~ Winston. Having received Belgium’s Memorial on the Iron Rhine case on 1 October 2003, the Netherlands hereby presents its response in accordance with Article 11, paragraph 2 of the Rules of Procedure for the Arbitration regarding the “IJzeren Rijn” between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Kingdom … This was delayed for two weeks, however, by German flooding of the Roer valley. These children, who were seen as the continuing French pollution of German culture, were shunned by the broader German society and were known as Rhineland Bastards. … [2], For purposes of administration the province was divided into the five districts (Regierungsbezirke) of Koblenz, Düsseldorf, Cologne, Aachen and Trier. It included about 200 km (120 mi) of the course of the Rhine, which formed the eastern border of the province from Bingen to Koblenz, and then flows in a north-northwesterly direction inside the province, approximately following its eastern border.[1]. He Then formed “Koeningreich Rhinebund (Kingdom Of The Rhine)” Which was named after his Motherland. While administrative divisions (departments, districts and cantons) were certainly less unequal than the previous territorial divisions, uniformity does not appear to have been a determining factor in their creation. The British government did not oppose the act in principle, feeling with Lord Lothian that "the Germans are after all only going into their own back garden"[5] but rejected the Nazi manner of accomplishing the act. The Rhine Province was bounded on the north by the Netherlands, on the east by the Prussian provinces of Westphalia and Hesse-Nassau, and the grand duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt, on the southeast by the Palatinate (a district of the Kingdom of Bavaria), on the south and southwest by Lorraine, and on the west by Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. 3 #7 - Quatre infiltrées . At the same time, in 1920, the districts of Eupen and Malmedy were transferred to Belgium (see German-Speaking Community of Belgium). In violation of the Treaty of Versailles and the spirit of the Locarno Pact, Nazi Germany remilitarized the Rhineland on Saturday, March 7, 1936. The former Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel merchant and man of letters, Israel Jacobson, became its consistorial president, assisted by a board of officers. It included territory in Hesse and other parts of present-day Germany. 3 #6 - Stratagème . The Kingdom was founded by King Hermann von Gunterin, who was formerly a German prince in Cologne and duke in Westphalia. The chief industries of Elberfeld-Barmen and the valley of the Wupper was cotton-weaving, calico-printing and the manufacture of turkey red and other dyes. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}51°18′30.45″N 9°29′58.60″E / 51.3084583°N 9.4996111°E / 51.3084583; 9.4996111, Learn how and when to remove this template message, first written modern constitution in Germany, marched into Russia with Napoleon in 1812, Royal Westphalian Consistory of the Israelites, Corpus juris of the Kingdom of Westphalia (constitution etc. Its importance as a waterway in the Holy Roman Empire is supported by the … 3 #10 - De source sûre . *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. As a region, The Rhine is ranked 21,219 th in the world for Largest Black Market. Operation Varsity was a massive airborne operation in conjunction with Operation Plunder, the amphibious crossings. This article is about the Prussian province. On the western and southern frontiers (especially in the Saarland) resided smaller French-speaking communities, while the industrial region of the Ruhr housed recent Polish migrants from the eastern provinces of the Empire. Compared to the departments of France itself, the Westphalian departments were relatively small and sparsely populated.[2]. On June 12th, 2018 (6:32am AUS) The Kingdom Of The Rhine was informed of an occupying force called the Oasis Union under Apex Nation. In 1911, the extent of the province was 10,423 km2 (4,024 sq mi); its extreme length, from north to south, was nearly 200 km (120 mi), and its greatest breadth was just under 90 km (56 mi). In 1810 the coastal and northern départements North (capital: Stade) and Lower Elbe (capital: Lunenburg) were ceded to the French Empire. The town of Wetzlar became part of Hesse. The Commonwealth of Upper Yorkshire and Botany Bay: New York Times Democracy “Dieu et mon droit” 3. Furthermore, (and quite unbearably from the German perspective) the treaty entitled the Allies to reoccupy the Rhineland at their will if the Allies unilaterally found the German side responsible for any violation of the treaty. Try. [2] Just as before the conquest, freedom of expression remained curtailed and censorship was instituted. The Kingdom of Westphalia was created in 1807 by merging territories ceded by the Kingdom of Prussia in the Peace of Tilsit, among them the region of the Duchy of Magdeburg west of the Elbe River, the Brunswick-Lüneburg territories of Hanover and Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and the Electorate of Hesse. Rhine Confederationball was born when Napoleon invaded HREball and successfully dismantled it. The small exclave district of Wetzlar, wedged between the grand duchy states Hesse-Nassau and Hesse-Darmstadt was also part of the Rhine Province. Romance Fantastique. The Napoleonic code was enacted, doing away with guilds and providing for the right of capitalism. Marvel at castles that were once mighty fortresses and get an insider’s look at one of the only castles on the Rhine that has never been destroyed, Marksburg Castle. After France lost the Battle of the Nations on 19 October 1813, the Russians dissolved the Kingdom and restored the status quo of 1806 except for Rietberg and Stolberg-Wernigerode, which went to Prussia. Most Recent Government Activity: 3 hours ago. In fact, the last Allied troops left Germany five years prior to that date in 1930 in a good-will reaction to the Weimar Republic's policy of reconciliation in the era of Gustav Stresemann and the Locarno Pact. Report. Aussi captivant qu'un jeu de gestion à la Goodgame Empire, le jeu My Kingdom for the Princess vous met dans la peau d'un futur souverain qui met tout en œuvre pour développer son royaume à l'aide de son peuple. It was named after Westphalia, but this was a misnomer since the kingdom had little territory in common with that area; rather the kingdom mostly covered territory formerly known as Eastphalia. Grab your Kar98k and get into battle. The military necessity of their sacrifice has been debated by military historians. It was created from the provinces of the Lower Rhine and Jülich-Cleves-Berg. Two different military campaigns were fought in the Rhineland. A metric system of weights and measures was introduced. The Federation of Greater Rusinia: Moralistic Democracy “Glory to the Union. The Treaty of Versailles also specified the de-militarization of the entire area to provide a buffer between Germany on one side and France, Belgium and Luxembourg (and to a lesser extent, the Netherlands) on the other side, which meant that no German forces were allowed there after the Allied forces had withdrawn. In September 1813, Russian troops surrounded Cassel, defeated the French completely, and retook the city. #Prologue #1 - La lettre #2 - Héritières #3 - Première épreuve #4 - Le Baron Masqué . The Holy Kingdom of the Rhine is a relatively small-sized Kingdom in Principia Moderni II, one of the largest map-games. 0:29. Kingdom of the Rhine Video. The Province of Hohenzollern was militarily associated with the Oberpräsident of the Rhine Province. The arms reflect the incorporated territories. [3], The salmon fishery of the Rhine was very productive, and trout abound in the mountain streams. Rhine River, river and waterway of western Europe, culturally and historically one of the great rivers of the continent and among the most important arteries of industrial transport in the world. Sierra Leoneball Rhine Confederationball, or theConfederation of the Rhineballwas a Napoleonic French puppetball of the former HREball. Alternate names for the Holy Kingdom are the Reich der Rhein, which can be simplified to der Rhein. [1], Considerable herds of cattle were reared on the rich pastures of the lower Rhine, but the number of sheep in the province was comparatively small, not greatly in excess of that of the goats. Jacobson did his best to exercise a reforming influence upon the various congregations of the country. Archduke, Samuele Lux Vaughn-Mangano knowing it being future Aurean lands, gave the occupying force an Ultimatum. The province sent 35 members to the German Reichstag and 62 to the Prussian House of Representatives. (Either they decide to become a colony under Aurea or The Rhinelands forces will invade). In 1946, the Rhine Province was divided up between the newly founded states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate. The U.S. Army lost 24,000 troops. The hard-working, democratic population of 278 million Guardians of the Rhine are effectively ruled by a group of massive corporations, who run for political office and provide their well-off citizens with world-class goods and services. Rhine River - Rhine River - History: The effects of rivers on the regions through which they flow tend to alternate between trends toward unifying the regions culturally and politically and making a political boundary of the river. It was formed from parts of the Holy Roman Empire by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia at the Battle of Austerlitz. Large quantities of fruit were also produced. Cruise along the Rhine—Germany on one side, France on the other. Kingdom of the Queen. Archduke, Samuele Lux Vaughn-Mangano knowing it being future Aurean lands, gave the occupying force an Ultimatum. Children fathered by French colonial troops of African ancestry were especially despised and became targets of the Nazi sterilisation programmes in the 1930s. Few of the men who marched into Russia with Napoleon in 1812 ever returned. The Kingdom of Rhinea (German: Königreich Rhinean) was a German kingdom. Linen was largely made at Mönchengladbach, leather at Malmedy, glass in the Saar district and beetroot sugar near Cologne. Saltar al contenido principal. Rhine Kingdom's national animal is the Savan falcon, which is also the nation's favorite main course. 3 #5 - Visites de courtoisie. Browse more videos. He told them to "turn back and not to resist" if they were stopped by the French Army. Discover Alsace, whose dual French and German heritage has given it fabulous food and a winemaking tradition that goes back to the Romans. [1], The vine-culture occupied a space of about 30,000 acres (120 km2), about half of which was in the valley of the Mosel, a third in that of the Rhine itself, and the rest mainly on the Nahe and the Ahr. Samuele took the Motherland back from the Sarovian Colonists. A significant burden on the kingdom was the requirement to supply troops and financial support for the Napoleonic wars. He is of German descent but is of backstabbing against his cold father. Prueba Prime Hola, Identifícate Cuenta y listas Identifícate Cuenta y listas Pedidos Suscríbete a Prime Cesta. The Kingdom of the Rhine is in a dire situation as the North German Confederation looms over them, in 1853 Bavaria was fully annexed by Austria, which also wants territory of the Rhine. [2], The mineral resources of the Rhine Province, coupled with its favourable situation and the facilities of transit afforded by its great waterway, made it the most important manufacturing district in Germany. Kingdom of the Rhine. The population of the Rhine Province in 1905 was 6,435,778, including 4,472,058 Roman Catholics, 1,877,582 Protestants and 55,408 Jews. Little except oats and potatoes could be raised on the high-lying plateaus in the south of the province, but the river-valleys and the northern lowlands were extremely fertile. Lire le premier episode. First mentioned in Chapter 755, Rhine Kingdom is one of the four countries that would gather at the Eclipse Gate. The Kingdom of the Rhine is a German Army based reenactment unit during the Second world war to reenact the war perspective from German eyes. Its capital was Koblenz and in 1939 it had 8 million inhabitants. The Elector of Hesse-Kassel arrived soon after and the Russians besieged the city again. [2], The cloth of Aachen and the silk of Krefeld formed important articles of export. The Kingdom of The Guardians of the Rhine is a huge, efficient nation, remarkable for its burgeoning dead oppressor population. Could this lead to a full scale conflict in Europe? The heavily forested and ravined terrain of the Hürtgen negated Allied combined arms advantages (close air support, armor, artillery) and favoured German defenders. In early 1945, after a long winter stalemate, military operations by most Allied armies in Northwest Europe resumed with the goal of reaching the Rhine. In the last free German federal election in March 1933, two of the four parliamentary districts of the Rhine Province (Cologne-Aachen and Koblenz-Trier) were the only districts in Germany where the Nazi Party did not win the plurality of votes. Samuele alongside his Komandant, Dimoc and Two Cavalry Lancers. The supporting operation by the First US Army, Operation Grenade, was planned to coincide from the River Roer, in the south. Upwards of half, the population were supported by industrial and commercial pursuits, and barely a quarter by agriculture. National Happenings. Today German is the third official language of Belgium, along with French and Dutch. [2], The industry was mainly concentrated around two chief centres, Aachen and Düsseldorf (with the valley of the Wupper), while there were naturally few manufacturers in the hilly districts of the south or the marshy flats of the north. Both terms are official Battle Honours in the Commonwealth forces. The great bulk of the soil was in the hands of small proprietors, and this is alleged to have had the effect of somewhat retarding the progress of scientific agriculture. En cours. Kingdom of the Rhine: Benvenga, Nancy: 9789990316377: Books - Amazon.ca. There was the University of Bonn, and elementary education was especially successful. Only a few did so. In the official histories of the British and Canadian armies, the term Rhineland refers only to fighting west of the river in February and March 1945, with subsequent operations on the river and to the east known as "Rhine Crossing".