The Andes are the result of tectonic plate processes, caused by the subduction of oceanic crust beneath the South American Plate. Part III: South America, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica. The rise of the Andes has not been constant, as different regions have had different degrees of tectonic stress, uplift, and erosion. L'avion s'est écrasé dans les Andes (34° 45′ 54″ S 70° 17′ 11″ O). Les montagnes arides, gros blocs de roches grises, ocres et rouges, prennent des formes incroyables dans les défilés. Huancas, Chachapoyas, Cañaris) and a small army of 180 Spaniards led by Francisco Pizarro. However, there is one railroad that connects Chile with Peru via the Andes, and there are others that make the same connection via southern Bolivia. Il est situé au cœur de la cordillère des Andes, à Uspallata. [8] Further south lies the Maipo Orocline a more subtle Orocline between 30° S and 38°S with a seaward-concave break in trend at 33° S.[9] Near the southern tip of the Andes lies the Patagonian Orocline.[10]. Potosí in present-day Bolivia and Cerro de Pasco in Peru was one of the principal mines of the Spanish Empire in the New World. La piste est chaotique et nous sommes seuls au monde. Mes pas sont lents car je suis vite essoufflée. : Football field in the Andes mountains, Chile. J’y découvre une salle de numismatique, des peintures mais surtout d’exceptionnels presses et laminoirs venus d’Espagne et magnifiquement conservés. Also, by early sowing, maize can be cultivated higher up in the mountains (up to 3,800 m (12,500 ft)). For other uses, see, The Andes mountain range, as seen from an airplane, between Santiago de Chile and Mendoza, Argentina, in summer. [17][18] The massifs of Cerro Aconcagua (6,961 m (22,838 ft)), Cerro Tupungato (6,550 m (21,490 ft)) and Nevado Juncal (6,110 m (20,046 ft)) are tens of kilometres away from each other and were connected by a joint ice stream network. Parts of the Sunsás Orogen in Amazonian craton disappeared from the surface of earth being overridden by the Andes. Get this from a library! C'est au nord que se … The Andes are the location of several high plateaus—some of which host major cities such as Quito, Bogotá, Cali, Arequipa, Medellín, Bucaramanga, Sucre, Mérida and La Paz. The western rim of the South American Plate has been the place of several pre-Andean orogenies since at least the late Proterozoic and early Paleozoic, when several terranes and microcontinents collided and amalgamated with the ancient cratons of eastern South America, by then the South American part of Gondwana. components of valley glaciers, were up to 112.5 km (69.9 mi) long, over 1,250 m (4,101 ft) thick and overspanned a vertical distance of 5,150 m (16,896 ft). The Andes, Andes Mountains or Andean Mountains (Spanish: Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world, forming a continuous highland along the western edge of South America.The range is 7,000 km (4,350 mi) long, 200 to 700 km (124 to 435 mi) wide (widest between 18°S - 20°S latitude), and has an average height of about 4,000 m … (voir mon reportage sur La Paz). [4], Aluk Plate (formerly) • Antarctic Plate • Carnegie Ridge • Chile Rise • Farallon Plate (formerly) • Juan Fernández Ridge • Nazca Plate • Nazca Ridge, Dolores-Guayaquil • Cordillera Blanca • Cochabamba • Domeyko • El Tigre • San Ramón • Liquiñe-Ofqui • Magallanes-Fagnano, Northern Zone • Peruvian flat-slab • Central Zone • Pampean flat-slab • Southern Zone • Patagonian Gap • Austral Zone, Arequipa-Antofalla • Mejillonia • Chilenia • Chaitenia • Chiloé Block • Cuyania • Pampia • Patagonia • Fitz Roy • Madre de Dios. These trees, by locals referred to as Queñua, Yagual and other names, can be found at altitudes of 4,500 m (14,760 ft) above sea level. Nous ne sommes pas les seuls à en profiter, mais le spectacle est splendide… (voir mon reportage sur le Chili), Nouveau poste frontière vers la Bolivie. This dry steppe climate is considered to be typical of the subtropical position at 32–34° S. The valley bottoms have no woods, just dwarf scrub. Because of the tortuous terrain in places, villages and towns in the mountains—to which travel via motorized vehicles is of little use—are still located in the high Andes of Chile, Bolivia, Peru, and Ecuador. Kuhle, M. (1988): Subtropical Mountain- and Highland-Glaciation as Ice Age Triggers and the Waning of the Glacial Periods in the Pleistocene. [6][7] The Bolivian Orocline area overlaps with the area of maximum width of the Altiplano Plateau and according to Isacks (1988) the Orocline is related to crustal shortening. Tout (38 documents) Cordillère Royale (2015) Conozcamos los peligros ... Carte géologique des Andes du Pérou central = mapa geologico de los Andes del Peru central (1978) Carte structurale des Andes septentrionales de … Nous passons la nuit dans un gîte du petit village rural de San Juan de Rosario à 3660m d’altitude qui vit de l’élevage du lama et de la culture du quinoa. Elle s'étend sur 7 pays : Venezuela, Colombie, Equateur, Pérou, Bolivie, Chili, Argentine. Mais le joyau de Potosi est la Casa de la Moneda, l’Hôtel de la Monnaie construit à la fin du 16e siècle sur la place principale et qui retrace toute l’histoire de Potosi à l’époque de la domination espagnole. In the south, the Andes share a long boundary with the former Patagonia Terrane. In: GeoJournal 21 (3); Kluwer, Dordrecht/ Boston/ London: 195–222. Other metals including iron, gold, and tin in addition to non-metallic resources are important. cordillère des andes Le cordillère des andes se trouve en venezuela,Colombie,Équateur,Pérou,Bolivie,Chili et en Argentine. The range is 7,000 km (4,350 mi) long, 200 to 700 km (124 to 435 mi) wide (widest between 18°S - 20°S latitude), and has an average height of about 4,000 m (13,123 ft). Après sa dernière expédition en Australie - en … Cordillère des Andes. The Andes are also part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges (cordillera) that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western "backbone" of North America, Central America, South America and Antarctica. Et pourtant, l’alcool me monte à la tête lors du premier col à 3350m. In: Ehlers, J., Gibbard, P.L. The diversity of animals in the Andes is high, with almost 600 species of mammals (13% endemic), more than 1,700 species of birds (about 1/3 endemic), more than 600 species of reptile (about 45% endemic), and almost 400 species of fish (about 1/3 endemic). The rough terrain has historically put the costs of building highways and railroads that cross the Andes out of reach of most neighboring countries, even with modern civil engineering practices. Kuhle, M. (1987): Subtropical Mountain- and Highland-Glaciation as Ice Age Triggers and the Waning of the Glacial Periods in the Pleistocene. The belt is subdivided into four main volcanic zones that are separated from each other by volcanic gaps. 20 ans de journalisme, (1929): Zur Glazialgeologie der chilenischen Anden. Des paysages de western à couper le souffle qui valent tous les parcs des Etats-Unis! In: Spektrum der Wissenschaft 9/86: 42–54. Notre trip se termine le lendemain par un vol vers Santa Cruz, une ville au climat tropical qui n’a semble-t-il aucun intérêt pour le tourisme si ce n’est son aéroport international. Ambiance tendue avec les douaniers. Le blanc est la couleur dominante à Sucre (on prononce Soucré), jolie ville coloniale classée par l’Unesco et capitale constitutionnelle de la Bolivie. ): Alluvial fans: A field approach. Locally, the relatives of the camel, the llama, and the alpaca continue to carry out important uses as pack animals, but this use has generally diminished in modern times. [12] The porphyry mineralization further benefited from the dry climate that let them largely out of the disturbing actions of meteoric water. It mostly uses seaports in eastern Argentina and Uruguay for international trade because its diplomatic relations with Chile have been suspended since 1978. Kuhle, M. (1989): Ice-Marginal Ramps: An Indicator of Semiarid Piedmont Glaciations. (voir mon reportage sur l‘Argentine). 27 févr. La Place du 25 mai rappelle la première révolte menée en 1809 par le maréchal Antonio José de Sucre et son compagnon Simon Bolivar qui aboutira à l’indépendance de la Bolivie. Nous partons dans la brume sur la N52 qui grimpe en de belles courbes sur la Cuesta de Lipan, en direction du Chili. La cordillère des Andes, couramment appelée les Andes, est une longue chaîne de montagnes en Amérique du Sud. Dans la cordillère des Andes, à Callao, quatre voyageurs distingués ont raté le bateau qui devait les emmener à Sydney. Kuhle, M. (2004): The Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) glacier cover of the Aconcagua group and adjacent massifs in the Mendoza Andes (South America). John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chester-New York-Brisbane-Toronto-Singapore: 55–68. Kuhle, M. (1990): The Probability of Proof in Geomorphology—an Example of the Application of Information Theory to a New Kind of Glacigenic Morphological Type, the Ice-marginal Ramp (Bortensander). J’admire sa belle église édifiée en 1598 dont la charpente en bois de cactus est couverte d’une toiture en paille.  Au Paso de Jama, nous traversons la frontière du Chili à bord d’un bus international. J’ai failli avoir une amende de 200 dollars pour avoir oublié une banane dans mon sac! Blackwell Publishing, 2003, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Mountains, biodiversity and conservation", "Upper mantle structure beneath the Caribbean-South American plate boundary from surface wave tomography", "Uplift of the Central Andean Plateau and Bending of the Bolivian Orocline", 10.1130/0091-7613(1987)15<806:trotle>2.0.co;2, "The Maipo Orocline: A first scale structural feature in the Miocene to Recent geodynamic evolution in the central Chilean Andes", "The Pampean Orogeny of the southern proto-Andes: Cambrian continental collision in the Sierras de Córdoba", 10.1130/0016-7606(1991)103<0098:tfbatf>2.3.co;2, "Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forest Ecoregions", Blueplanetbiomes.org: Climate and animal life of the Andes, Discover-peru.org: Regions and Microclimates in the Andes, Peaklist.org: Complete list of mountains in South America with an elevation at/above 1,500 m (4,920 ft), List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Andes&oldid=1005128904, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Quechua-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2011, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 February 2021, at 03:09. The Sierras de Córdoba, where the effects of the ancient Pampean orogeny can be observed, owe their modern uplift and relief to the Andean orogeny in the Tertiary. Along their length, the Andes are split into several ranges, separated by intermediate depressions. Along with several Interandean Valles, they are typically dominated by deciduous woodland, shrub and xeric vegetation, reaching the extreme in the slopes near the virtually lifeless Atacama Desert. Nous sommes à 4200m d’altitude, entourés des sommets de la cordillère des Andes. [28] The Andes are a Mesozoic–Tertiary orogenic belt of mountains along the Pacific Ring of Fire, a zone of volcanic activity that encompasses the Pacific rim of the Americas as well as the Asia-Pacific region. Kuhle, M. (1990): Ice Marginal Ramps and Alluvial Fans in Semi-Arid Mountains: Convergence and Difference. La citée minière est installée au pied du Cerro Rico, la ‘montagne riche’ qui renfermait un fabuleux gisement d’argent exploité par les conquistadores. The ancient peoples of the Andes such as the Incas have practiced irrigation techniques for over 6,000 years. For decades, Chile claimed ownership of land on the eastern side of the Andes. Geomorphological and geophysical investigation of a complex rock glacier system—Morenas Coloradas valley (Cordon del Plata, Mendoza, Argentina). The Andean volcanism is a result of subduction of the Nazca Plate and Antarctic Plate underneath the South American Plate. Son altitude à 2800m lui offre un climat idéal et on respire mieux. The Altiplano plateau is the world's second-highest after the Tibetan plateau. la passion du voyage et des jardins. Une bonne leçon car le reste du voyage, je serai sobre comme un lama! It is the seat of the Andean Community of Nations. Molinos apparaît soudain au détour d’un virage, évoquant un oasis avec les deux clochers de son église qui émergent de la verdure. Cernée par les sommets enneigés de la cordillère des Andes, la ville est verticale, accrochée aux flancs des montagnes à 3600m. Fermer. The Andes range has many active volcanoes distributed in four volcanic zones separated by areas of inactivity. Dans le mercado Rodriguez, j’admire la tenue colorée portée par la cholita, femme indigène bolivienne de l’Altiplano, gros jupons à trois volants inspirés des larges jupes des femmes de colons espagnols  qu’elle  accompagne d’un petit chapeau melon en feutre porté très haut sur la tête. Cordillère des Andes - cartes et plans sur ce lieu. The Andes, Andes Mountains or Andean Mountains (Spanish: Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world, forming a continuous highland along the western edge of South America. It is the result of a convergent plate boundary between the Nazca Plate and the South American Plate. Porphyry copper in the western slopes of the Andes has been generated by hydrothermal fluids (mostly water) during the cooling of plutons or volcanic systems. Select from premium Cordillère Des Andes of the highest quality. ), 735–738. Tectonic forces above the subduction zone along the entire west coast of South America where the Nazca Plate and a part of the Antarctic Plate are sliding beneath the South American Plate continue to produce an ongoing orogenic event resulting in minor to major earthquakes and volcanic eruptions to this day. Je suis partie au mois de novembre et le temps était parfait, air sec et plein soleil. 15 (Quaternary Glaciation – Extent and Chronology, A Closer Look, Eds: Ehlers, J.; Gibbard, P.L. The potato holds a very important role as an internally consumed staple crop. C’est une baraque en tôle ondulée au milieu de nulle part  et il n’y a que quelques 4×4 de tourisme. Plein soleil et chaleur, car la cordillère des Andes se trouve tout en haut de l’Argentine, à 400km du Tropique du Capricorne. Le Monde (2000) You may also like English Quiz. From a geographical approach, the Andes are considered to have their western boundaries marked by the appearance of coastal lowlands and a less rugged topography. Suggestion d’itinéraires à Ushuaia. The snow line depends on the location.

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